Mathematicians create, investigate and analyze mathematical structures in order to solve and understand mathematical problems. The mathematical structures are often found in other fields such as physics, computer science or economics.
What am I going to do in this occupation?
Mathematicians will either work as theoretical (pure) mathematicians or as applied mathematicians. Both types of mathematicians develop new mathematical theories, techniques and approaches to solve problems.
Theoretical Mathematics demands abstract thinking for the development of mathematical theories and methods. These mathematical theories and methods are essential in the qualitative and quantitative description of our world and are practically applied in most sciences.
Applied Mathematics involves mathematical modeling, numerical analysis and operational research. It forms a bridge between Mathematics and practice and concentrates on solving problems in Engineering, Physics and Computer Science.
Examples of practical applications of both pure and applied mathematics are: medical research (for example the development of artificial limbs and organs), genetical research, agricultural research, the development of ecological systems, research on population growth and many applications in the industrial and financial sectors (for example quality control, financial management and the analysis of investment instruments).
What kind of personality do I need? Prospective mathematicians must have above average intelligence and a natural feeling for numbers, spatial figures and problem solving. Logical thoughts and the ability to work systematically and accurately are essential. Self-discipline and a wide general knowledge are also important qualities.
Where can I work?
Mathematicians are employed by mining companies, assurance and investment companies, organisations with research.
Can I work for myself in this occupation?
Mathematician can have their own enterprises as private consultants and may even give private classes in Mathematics.